Brain cancer develops as a result of changes to the genetic material within brain cells. If you are experiencing symptoms, please give us a call today.
The brain, beyond being a network of roughly 100 billion neurons, is widely regarded as the organ that gives rise to our mind. The brain is not only made up of neurons but is also made up of many support cells. Known in the literature as glial cells, these support cells can be organized into various subtypes, which are specialized to perform different functions. As is the case for cancer that originates in other organs, brain cancer can originate in the various types of neurons and glia. This, among other factors, allows for the many different types of brain cancers that can develop, such as an astrocytoma—a cancer of a specific kind of glial cell.
Brain cancer develops as a result of changes to the genetic material within brain cells. These changes result in the pattern of cell growth and division characteristic of brain cancer. Although the increased likelihood of developing brain cancer is associated with the following factors, according to the American Cancer Society, in most cases, physicians and scientists are still trying to determine what causes brain cancer to develop:
Our specialists collect information regarding medical history, surgical history, social history, and family history; conduct laboratory testing, and review radiological studies to approach patient care in the most comprehensive and personalized manner.
If brain cancer is suspected, a doctor will likely order imaging to help arrive at a diagnosis. Imaging might include a CT scan, PET scan, PET-CT scan, or MRI. A CT (computed tomography) scan uses X-rays to generate a three-dimensional picture of the body whereas a PET (positron emission tomography) scan uses a small amount of radioactive tracer to locate any cancer cells by how readily they take up the radiotracer. A PET-CT combines the features of a CT scan with those of a PET scan. Lastly, an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) uses magnetic fields to generate a detailed representation of the body.
If upon review of your results your doctor notices a mass suspicious for brain cancer, he or she will likely order a biopsy in order to make a diagnosis and plan treatment, if necessary.
The following, among others, may be indicative of brain cancer but may also be indicative of other illnesses:
It is important you tell your doctor if you have any of these signs and symptoms, so he or she may determine their cause and plan treatment, if necessary.
“Staging” occurs when a physician uses to test and scan results to determine which parts of the body are involved by cancer, in this case, brain cancer. Staging is important because different stages of brain cancer are better addressed with treatments that may differ in amount, combination, or type.
Treatment of brain cancer, depending on the stage and type, may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and/or surgery. These treatments may be used individually or in combination based on your doctor’s recommendations. It’s important to discuss all of your treatment options with your doctor to help make the decision that best fits your needs. Some important factors to consider when deciding on a brain cancer treatment plan include
You may feel the need to make a quick decision, but it is very important to ask questions if there is anything about which you’re not entirely sure. It is very important for you and your doctor to communicate and work together to weigh the benefits of each treatment option against the possible adverse effects in order to ultimately determine which treatment option is best for you.
We understand that a cancer diagnosis can be overwhelming and scary. Here at The Brooklyn Cancer Center, we build our teams around you. Our expert oncologists will help guide you through this difficult time, answering any questions you may have along the way. We are here for you and will do everything in our power to meet your specific needs and exceed your expectations. If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms that may be related to cancer, please call us as soon as possible at 718-732-4080 or make an appointment online.