It is important you tell your doctor if you have any of the signs and symptoms of skin cancer, so he or she may determine their cause and plan treatment, if necessary.
The skin is part of the integumentary system, an organ system which helps regulate body temperature and protects the body from—among other things—abrasion, water loss, and outside invaders, which may otherwise cause infection. The skin is made up of many different layers, and each is composed of different cell types. Skin cancer is the most common of all human cancers in the United States and occurs when cells in the skin multiply uncontrollably. The different types of skin cancer arise from these different cell types found in the skin, and some of these types are as follows:
Skin cancers develop as a result of changes to the genetic material within skin cells. These changes result in the pattern of cell growth and division characteristic of skin cancer. Although the increased likelihood of developing skin cancer is associated with the following risk factors, in most cases, physicians and scientists are still trying to determine what causes skin cancer to develop:
Skin cancer detection begins at home. Regularly checking your skin, preferably once a month, is important in order to detect any irregularities which may be indicative of skin cancer. When checking yourself, you should be mindful of the marks on your skin, so you can readily notice any changes to your normal skin pattern, such as new moles or changes in existing moles.
If you notice anything concerning or otherwise unusual during a self-check, it is best to consult with a physician to determine if treatment is necessary.
Some doctors perform skin exams as part of their routine physical examinations. When performing a physical examination, your doctor will record the details of any areas of skin suspicious for skin cancer and other abnormalities, if applicable. Our specialists collect information regarding medical history, surgical history, social history, and family history; conduct laboratory testing, and review radiological studies to approach patient care in the most comprehensive and personalized manner. Your doctor will determine if a biopsy is necessary. A biopsy is a collection of a small amount of body tissue suspected, in this case, to be involved by cancer to be sent for laboratory analysis. Your physician might also check to see if your lymph nodes are enlarged.
The following may be indicative of skin cancer but may also be indicative of other illnesses:
It is important you tell your doctor if you have any of these signs and symptoms, so he or she may determine their cause and plan treatment, if necessary.
“Staging” occurs when a physician uses to test and scan results to determine which parts of the body are involved by cancer, in this case, skin cancer. Staging is important because different stages of skin cancer are better addressed with treatments that may differ in amount, combination, or type. Although the staging system for melanomatous skin cancer (melanoma) is slightly different from that used for non-melanomatous skin cancers, such as basal or squamous cell carcinoma, the stages are described generally as follows based on the staging system agreed upon by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC):
Skin cancer with a stage of 0 (zero) means the cancer cells are confined to the upper-most layer of skin, have not spread, and may be cured by surgical removal.
Stage I skin cancer has grown deeper into the skin than the top layer but does not involve surrounding lymph nodes or other areas of the body.
At stage II, skin cancer has grown deeper still into the skin, and may have features, such as deeper penetration and size, indicative of being more developed, but still does not involve the lymphatic system or other parts of the body.
Skin cancer with a stage of III indicates involvement of nearby lymph nodes but not of distant parts of the body.
Stage IV skin cancer has spread beyond the skin and surrounding lymph nodes.
Treatment of skin cancer, depending on the stage and type, may include chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, and/or surgery. These treatments may be used individually or in combination based on your doctor’s recommendations. It’s important to discuss all of your treatment options with your doctor to help make the decision that best fits your needs. Some important factors to consider when deciding on a skin cancer treatment plan include
You may feel the need to make a quick decision, but it is very important to ask questions if there is anything about which you’re not entirely sure. It is very important for you and your doctor to communicate and work together to weigh the benefits of each treatment option against the possible adverse effects in order to ultimately determine which treatment option is best for you.
We understand that a cancer diagnosis can be overwhelming and scary. Here at The Brooklyn Cancer Center, we build our teams around you. Our expert oncologists will help guide you through this difficult time, answering any questions you may have along the way. We are here for you and will do everything in our power to meet your specific needs and exceed your expectations. If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms that may be related to cancer, please call us as soon as possible at 718-732-4080 or make an appointment online.